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How to Buy Disc Pads & Brake Shoes

The braking system is one of the most important components of a vehicle. Without reliable brakes, drivers cannot safely stop, increasing the chances of an accident. Proper vehicle maintenance includes checking the brake pads and shoes, and replacing them as necessary. When buying brake disc pads and shoes, buyers should have a basic understanding of how brakes work, as well as the important differences between disc and drum brakes. Understanding How Brakes Work When drivers press the brake pedal, they engage the hydraulic system. This system forces fluid through a series of tubes and hoses that run from the brake's master cylinder to the piston, which applies pressure to the wheels and stops the car. Some brakes use a system of discs and brake pads to accomplish this, while others use shoes and drums. Most passenger vehicles have a combination of disc and drum brakes, with disc brakes attached to the front wheels and drum brakes attached to the rear wheels. Disc Brake
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Composite Metal Foam Can Stop .50 Cal Bullets as Well as Steel

The goal of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of Composite Metal Foam (CMF) armors against 0.50 caliber ballistic threats. A hard armor was manufactured using a sandwich panel construction consisting of a ceramic faceplate, a CMF core, and a thin aluminum back plate. The hard armor system was tested against 0.50 caliber (12.7 × 99 mm) ball and armor piercing (AP) rounds. The CMF armors were tested with a variety of areal densities at impact velocities between 500 and 885 m/s. The armors stopped the threats at speeds up to 819 m/s without penetration. The CMF layer was found to absorb 73–76% and 69–79% of the kinetic energy of the ball and AP round respectively. When compared to rolled homogeneous steel armor (RHA), the CMF hard armors, in their current unoptimized condition, have a mass efficiency ratio of approximately 2.1. The CMF armor offers a much needed weight savings without sacrificing protection. Finite element analysis was completed using ANSYS/AUTOD

Caterpillar D9 Series Armored Bulldozers: Cat D9L, D9N, D9R, D9T

The armored bulldozer is a basic tool of combat engineering. These combat engineering vehicles combine the earth moving capabilities of the bulldozer with armor which protects the vehicle and its operator in or near combat. Most are civilian bulldozers modified by addition of vehicle armor/military equipment, but some are tanks stripped of armament and fitted with a dozer blade. Some tanks have bulldozer blades while retaining their armament, but this does not make them armored bulldozers as such, because combat remains the primary role — earth moving is a secondary task. Modern armored bulldozers are often based on the Caterpillar D7 and D9, or russian dozer ChTZ B10. The attributes that make the D9 popular for major construction projects make it desirable for military applications as well. It has been particularly effective for the Israel Defense Forces and for the United States armed forces and the Canadian Army in Iraq, both using an armor kit developed and manufactured by Is

New Armored Truck by Tesla? Cybertruck For The Zombie Apocalypse?

Elon Musk just unveiled the Tesla Cybertruck, the company’s first electric pickup truck. There will be three versions of the Tesla truck — 250 miles, 300 miles, and 500 miles of range — with a variety of towing capacities and 0-60 mph capabilities. Tesla CEO Elon Musk unveiled the truck at a cyberpunk-inspired event with many, many lasers, and even a surprise ATV. 3 versions of the Tesla truck available: Single motor rear-wheel drive with 250 miles of range, 7,500-pound towing capacity, and 0-60 mph capabilities in under 6.5 seconds, for $39,900.  Dual motor all-wheel drive with 300 miles of range, 10,000-pound towing capacity, and 0-60 mph in under 4.5 seconds for $49,900.  Triple motor all-wheel drive with 500 miles of range, 14,000-pound towing capacity, and 0-60 mph in under 2.9 seconds for $69,900. (Though this version won’t start production until late 2022.)  In an effort to demonstrate the truck’s shatterproof windows, Tesla design chief Franz von Holzhausen smashed

New 2020 Brabus V12 900 - most powerful SUV in the world!

Brabus have released details of an exciting Mercedes G Class package. Billed as the most powerful SuperSUV in the world, the Brabus V12 900 is set to be replicated just 10 times. It will debut at the Frankfurt Motor Show 2019 this week! The 6.3L V12 is based around the 6.0L Mercedes-Benz M279 engine found within the Mercedes-Maybach S-class models. It has been fettled by Brabus to increase the displacement. A new Brabus crankshaft with longer strokes and larger cylinder bores are fitted. New pistons were also required with new billet connection rods. Engine: 6.3L V12 Biturbo  Output: 900hp & 1,500nm  0-100km/h: 3.8s  Top Speed: 280 km/h

Top 10 Most Expensive Armored Cars In The World

There’s nothing more secure on the roads and highways than an armored sedan or SUV. They're outfitted with extra-thick steel, bullet-proof glass, and polycarbonate linings that make a seemingly normal BMW, Lexus, Mercedes Benz or Cadillac virtually impenetrable. Perhaps the best features of armored cars beyond the security is their level of luxury. Many are based on existing models of high-class vehicles. They don’t sacrifice style for protection, and act as a good disguise while traveling from Point A to Point B. After all, driving down a busy street in downtown London, New York, Moscow, Riyadh, Tokyo, or Rio de Janeiro in a camouflage military Humvee might draw the kind of attention most drivers would rather avoid. Of course, for the more serious excursion, there are plenty of military-grade vehicles for environments where safety and not appearance is the biggest concern. If you make enough money to afford one of these ten incredible and expensive armored cars, you probably need

Luxury Bulletproof Cars

With random terrorist attacks, continued violence on the streets, and an increase in social injustice, our personal safety is becoming more of a prime concern than ever before. The wide spread violence around the world is contributing to alarming safety issues, not only affecting the rich and famous, but also for executives, diplomats, politicians and heads of state. The armored car industry has been popular for a while overseas, but recently we are seeing a huge increase in buyers in the United States as concerned citizens take action to protect themselves. One such company, Armormax ( International Armoring Corporation ) is leading the wave in converting luxury vehicles into the ultimate protection to help for an easy escape when a threat occurs. Car manufacturers are also creating custom built armored cars for elite customers including BMW, which offers a Security Vehicles division with vehicles designed to withstand a range of three risk categories – street crime (up to a

Interesting Facts About Armored Cars

For the last 80 plus years the auto industry has changed the way we maneuver around the world. From the first sets of horseless carriages to cars that can reach top speeds that were previously never thought possible, automobiles have come a long way from when they were first introduced and mass-produced. Cars come in all shapes and sizes, personalized to fit every need of the driver now. The invention of the first automobile opened up a whole new way of living for so many people, making things more convenient and places easily accessible that would have taken a lot longer to get to in a carriage or on foot. A civilian armored car is a security vehicle which is made by replacing the windows of a standard vehicle with bulletproof glass and inserting layers of armor plate into the body panels. Unlike a military armored car, which has armor plate mounted on the outside of the vehicle, a civilian armored car typically looks no different from a standard vehicle. Top 12 interes

Titanium Falcon APC - Armored Personnel Carrier

Falcon-APC Armored Personnel Carrier can be deployed for various missions, peace keeping operations and convoy escort.Impressive power and handling make the Falcon equally suited to urban and off-road deployment, the vehicle offers excellent protection against both ballistic and blast threats with crew compartment protection of CEN Level BR6 / BR7 armor in various applications ranging from a battle field ambulance up to a fully armed direct fire vehicle. STREIT Group offers a wide range of extra additional features which can be integrated on the vehicle during manufacturing phase-guaranteeing total compatibility STREIT include: rocket launch systems, remote-controlled weapon stations, smoke-grenade launchers, night-vision high speed camera, fully integrated intercoms systems. Falcon-APC Armored Personnel Carrier can be deployed for various missions. High quality multilayered glass with anti spall shield to protect against shattering of glass. 6 x viewing glass in the rear

Armored SUV by Dartz Motorz

No reader of the classical tale Moby Dick can doubt the strength of the book’s central character, a huge, sea dwelling mammal. Therefore, it seems only right to underscore the connection between that fearsome whale and the armored SUV. One factory in Russia has helped to highlight that connection. The Dartz Motorz turns out thousands of armored SUVs. Each of those vehicles has a grandissmus lining. The material in that lining comes from a part of the whale, a part often called the “cassock.” It happens to be the whale’s penis. The unique lining in Dartz’ SUVs demonstrates the extent to which any of these large armored vehicles can be furnished with one or more accessories. Sometimes an armored SUV comes with a set of heavy duty racing brakes. Sometimes it has been supplied with a multi-tone siren or an impressive PA system. On occasion, such a vehicle might feature a set of LED strobe lights. At other times it has other customized modifications. They might be modifica

Bulletproof Vehicle Types

Bullet-proof vehicles have been around since the beginning of World War I. At that time, they were primarily used by the military to protect soldiers as they waged war. However, businesses and individuals quickly saw the value of the using armored cars and they have become a staple in both the commercial and private sectors. Although there are several manufacturers who specifically build armored cars, almost any car can be retrofitted with armor and bullet-proof glass. This retrofitting is expensive, however, and can cost upwards of $100,000. Whether you are a business or a private citizen, though, there are several different types of vehicles on the market you can purchase for your individual needs. Armored Trucks – These bullet-proof vehicles are mostly used in the commercial sector to transport items of high dollar value including cash. They are also known as an armored cash transport car or a security van. The purpose of these trucks is to assist in defending against wo

Armored GAZ Tigr (GAZ-2330 Tiger) 4x4 Infantry Mobility Vehicle

The GAZ Tigr is a Russian 4x4, multipurpose, all-terrain infantry mobility vehicle manufactured by GAZ, first delivered to the Russian Army in 2006. Primarily used by the Russian Federation's armed forces, it is also used by numerous other countries. The vehicle was designed to transport troops and various equipment quickly on road and off-road. It has a chassis frame construction, with a traditional layout of front engine, middle crew compartment, and rear cargo area. Standard features include: power steering, independent all-wheel torsion suspension with hydraulic shock absorbers and stabilizer bars, a transfer case with a locking center differential, limited slip differentials, two-speed transfer case, automatic tire inflation, engine block heater, and electric winch. . The Specialist OAO "GAS" is designed car of the special purpose, which satisfies the most high requirements on rational design both externals forms, and interior for cars of such class. The New de

Armoured Fighting Vehicle "Vodnik" (GAZ 3937) Review & Specifications

The GAZ 39371 Vodnik is the Russian answer to the HMMWV / Humvee. "Russian "Hummer" is the nickname given by people to one of the latest products of the Arzamas automobile plant - the high-mobility multipurpose vehicle GAZ-3937 "Vodnik". The purpose of the vehicle, as well as its appearance resemble those of its American "brother", but "Vodnik" surpasses the "American" in many parameters! AFV GAZ 3937 "Vodnik" can, for instance, easily overcome water barriers; it has a water-displacing hermetic hull, a 4x4-type chassis, independent suspensions, a centralized system of tire-pressure control and a 475-mm ground clearance - all the necessary features of such a vehicle. AFV GAZ-3937 Vodnik was supposed to be a military-issue vehicle, but time showed that it would find employment in civil life: such a automobile is perfect for use in limited-access areas. The standard undercarriage with a cab can be optionally comp